40) Geiger Counter Teardown, Theory, Kits and Radioactive Measurements

For those of you who do not know, I'm on lockdown for 7 days after radioactive iodine 131 treatment for thyroid cancer. Luckily it's easily treatable. But then, there's boredom - so this episode is dedicated to Geiger counters, Geiger Meuller tubes & their basic operation, some theory, we build a Geiger counter kit from mightyohm.com and take some measurements of radioactive stuff - including myself!

Here's a link to Jeff Keiser's Geiger kit:
https://mightyohm.com/blog/products/geiger-counter/

Viewer Questions about Sparky & a Demo!

Quick little video today (not charging Patreon supporters for this one) answering a couple of viewer questions about Sparky. The hot dog? Just a little human-analog demonstration about HV safety. And yes, I know I say the human body is mostly salt water - its not, google told me it's about 0.4%. I'm not reshooting this video just for that correction.

39) Electronic Components vs. 1.5kV

Howdy folks. As you know, we got the high voltage power supply working, so today we're just going to have a little fun. I have in possession a Kron Tech Chronos 1.4 high speed camera and a lot of electrons - so let's test out what happens when a variety of electronic components meet up with an electrical potential greater than they're used to.
Stay safe kids.

Thank you to Man or Astroman for letting me use the music. You guys rock!

38) Repairing a 4,000 Volt Power Supply

Ol’ Sparky’s finally thrown the hatch. What should output 4kV is putting out -2v; I know, it’s a sad day indeed. But fear not as we will get it working again in this video… or will we? Along the journey I point out a few things that are typical failure modes in old test equipment and replace a bunch of rotten components from the era of bellbottoms with new-old-stock components from the bellbottom era. I wasn’t sure if I would release this video, but I had the camera rolling during most of the process so I strung it together just for kicks and maybe as a warning to those who dare venture into purchasing rickety old test equipment. Enjoy the show.

37) Contact Bounce & Debounce Basics

Today we’re looking at contact bounce. Together with an oscilloscope and high speed camera, we can see a little more closely what happens during contact bounce. We also look at ways to mitigate this issue and show the effects of hardware debounce.

Another good resource for information on debounce is available at Jack Ganssle’s website:
http://www.ganssle.com/debouncing.htm

A HUGE thanks to David Kronstein for lending me a Cronos 1.4 high speed camera which I used to make close up and detailed video of said bounce. http://www.krontech.ca/

36) DIY TEM Cell for EMC Pre-Compliance Testing

Today I’m attempting to make a TEM cell or transverse electromagnetic cell - used for doing EMC precompliance measurements. If you are trying to sell a product (legally), you must have your product reviewed and certified by an “EMC lab” for lack of a better term. This device will allow you to take some preliminary measurements to check and see if your whiz-bang product is radiating massive amounts of electromagnetic interference - before you dish out the big bucks at the certification lab. Happy testing!

Article referenced in the video:
http://eagle.chaosproject.com/sandbox/acstrial/newsletters/summer08/pp2.pdf

Other interesting articles:
http://www.emcturkiye.org/papers/Session7_Talk4.pdf
http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/elektrik/issues/elk-03-11-2/elk-11-2-5-0301-1.pdf
http://www.saelig.com/supplier/tekbox/tekbox-tem-cell-manual.pdf
https://www.eetimes.com/document.asp?doc_id=1255099

http://www.compliance-club.com/
http://www.hottconsultants.com/
https://www.amazon.com/Electromagnetic-Compatibility-Engineering-Henry-Ott/dp/0470189304/ref=sr_1_3?ie=UTF8&qid=1523409985&sr=8-3&keywords=electromagnetic+engineering

35) Part3: RocketCam Gets a New PCB + Pan/Tilt Testing

Howdy folks, its been busy! I couldn’t figure out what protocol the original PCB was running, so I created a replacement, partially funded by OshPark - so thanks Drew and Laen (+all other purple folks)! Anyway, watch as we compare boards, power it up, program it and test running the basic pan and tilt firmware.

34) Part2: RocketCam Power Up & Repair(?)

This is part 2 of the PTZ camera tracking project. This time I power up the main PCB and try to talk to it over RS232 from a serial terminal. Not much else to say here, so you’ll have to watch and see if it works or not!

33) Part1: Teardown Pan / Tilt RocketCam Project

This is part 1 of the PTZ camera tracking project. I want better footage of rocket launches over there at NASA - apparently they only let you get so close. The idea is to use OpenCV to track objects, but we don't know what we're dealing with yet - so let's tear it down!

32) How I Make Music for the Vids

Y'all know I make little ditties for the channel, well I don't have a lot of time to make videos these days so I thought I'd bang together a quick one. This is basically the process that I go through to make a short instrumental to use as background music while I show a time-lapse shot or while I solder something together. I know it'd be easier to just use pre-existing YouTube licensed music, but I don't like doing things the easy way. I hope you dig it, if not well there'll be more electronics stuff coming very soon. Have a good one!

31) Acrylic Bending for Electronics Enclosures

Somehow I always end up with circuit boards all over my desk and no enclosure to put them in. This is a simple nichrome wire bending machine that you can make on the super-cheap. Of course we had to ramp things up by using a microcontroller to switch it on an off, but you can just use a high current power supply or variable transformer. Please double check the current rating vs. temperature of the manufacturers data sheet to make sure you're getting to the temperature needed. I stuck between 600 and 700 degree straight-wire temperatures. Google is your friend here! This video is just to get you started. Good luck!

The Current Source
PO Box 620241
Oviedo, FL 32762-241

Follow more stuff here:
@tcurrentsource
www.thecurrentsource.com

30) Op-Amps vs. Comparators

I’ve been playing around with comparators lately; More specifically I’ve been using op-amps as a comparator. I ran into a little bit of trouble that I hadn’t encountered before. I don’t go into all of the weird things that happen in using an op amp from the early 70’s, but we do look at headroom and slew rate limitations. I also build up a parking sensor for my garage using a window comparator. Entire project made using components funded by Patreon patrons. Thanks all!

The Current Source
PO Box 620241
Oviedo, FL 32762-241

Follow more stuff here:
@tcurrentsource
www.thecurrentsource.com

in the Noise Floor. behind the youtube curtain

Howdy folks. Here we are nearly 2 years since I uploaded my first video - Happy Birthday! I started this YouTube channel as an experiment:

  1. To see how many people I could reach and share some knowledge
  2. To see if I could overcome my introversion, and if I could speak to an audience effectively
  3. To keep my tools sharpened by using them for each video
 My 1st solo cake project. Coraline.

My 1st solo cake project. Coraline.

My wife had a custom cake business several years ago and she was so insanely busy, she barely slept. Ultimately she had to shut it down because there was little time left for anything else. I wondered at the start of TCS, would this be the same scenario? I set an arbitrary goal to see if it would be worth it. The goal was, reach thousands (really 2k) of people within two years and/or make enough money from the videos that the operation would be at the least, self-sustaining. So let's take a look at some metrics and see what we've drummed up for the past two years.

First and easiest to dissect are the financials or revenue. Let's look at the heaviest hitter when it comes to revenue. That would be #18 Unregulated Power Supply Design which I released on Oct. 19th 2016. As of today, it has 15,891 views and the primary reason that its one of the most viewed videos on TCS is because Hackaday picked it up as an article last year. So it's pretty easy to see that YouTube doesn't pay all that well when it comes to ad revenue, or I should probably say that what I expected is orders of magnitude less than reality. Other than those spikes, the remainder are video releases, activity usually lasting for only a day and then radio silence afterwards.

 Best revenue, Hackaday article on video #18

Best revenue, Hackaday article on video #18

So before I bitch too much about YouTube, there has been steady growth, but you wouldn't notice with all of the ups and downs within the graph above. So here's a little chart showing monthly growth. You can see it peaked at a little over $12 in August!

 Monthly Growth

Monthly Growth

 Overall earnings in two years

Overall earnings in two years

 

The above earnings look solely at YouTube and do not consider those fine folks supporting my channel through Patreon (if you're curious, that produces $21/video at this time). So what about viewership? Well, let's look at the number of views, which other than subscribers, is the primary metric. That beautiful spike below is of course the Hackaday article. A few blips to the left is a mention on The Amp Hour, episode #300 so thanks Chris. You'll notice that a slight upward trend is going on around 1/29/17 and that is the point where I was releasing a video every two weeks. Notice that it starts to sag around 3/14/17? Thats about the time I started to release videos every month. YouTube channel Veritasium did a little video on this which is eye opening and I hope you give it a look. I am definitely not following this advice. I am seeing the same behavior though, interest on the day of release, but then... crickets. WTF YouTube?

Screen Shot 2017-09-20 at 11.17.54 AM.png

 

Now let's have a peek at average view duration or viewer retention. You can see from the start that some people watched the videos in their entirety, some just a little poke. As time goes on over the months, we're hitting an average view time of 4 minutes. Huh? My videos typically range from 5 minutes to 20 minutes. That tells me that folks are generally skipping over the majority of the content. I have to infer from this data that I must be doing something wrong. Either I babble on too much, the presentation or personality leaves something to be desired, or the content itself just doesn't hold anyone's interest. I have to ponder this one, but if you have an opinion, good or bad, leave it in the comments.

Screen Shot 2017-09-20 at 12.46.29 PM.png

 

Feedback, comments & thumbs. This has generally been positive. Being a small channel i don't see a lot of negative feedback or trolling. Of course I make mistakes. If you look hard enough at each video you're bound to see something amiss. For example, using darlington transistors in the "Driving Inductive Loads" video, I note Vbe as 0.7 volts though it should be 1.4 volts because of the series base-emitter junctions. It's bound to happen, and I would correct items like this, but alas, YouTube has removed annotations after the video has been uploaded. WTF YouTube? Anyway, you can't please them all and I'll admit a couple of videos are stinkers, but I keep them up because I won't sweep things under the rug.. as a result I get some dislikes. Not a ton of feedback from viewers, but enough to make some inferences - see below:

Screen Shot 2017-09-20 at 1.04.15 PM.png

I'm not fishing for compliments or attempting to stroke my ego, but I am confused why the positive comments and poor view duration. Personally if I like a video, I watch it all the way through. At least thats what I used to do before I started this gig. Now I'm lucky if I have enough time to watch anything at all. Yes, I'd like some cheese with my whine.

Screen Shot 2017-09-20 at 12.53.34 PM.png

 

To conclude, I love making these videos. It's fun because I get to tell a story, I get to keep my tools sharp and learn new things about shooting video, storytelling, continuity, editing. The list goes on and on. But it seems like the current format just isn't cutting the mustard. The experiment over these past two years is failing. I've reached some people and I am very grateful for that! However, the channel isn't self-sustaining in its current format. The revenue isn't "in the black", meaning more is going out than coming in. I was cool with that for a long time, but at a certain point where do you draw the line? That is to be determined I suppose. At this point, it seems that more technical videos and less builds is the roadmap. I don't want it to go that route, but YouTube has really hamstrung creators.

Beware newbie content creators.

Four Wire Kelvin Resistance Measurement

I can't afford a fancy benchtop multimeter with 4-wire measurement capability, so I made a current source and will show you how to make an accurate low-resistance measurement with this setup. There's a cool water-circuit that shows how current flows in a 4-wire system which turned out a lot cooler than I thought it would. Hope you guys enjoy! Here's a link to the Kelvin connection clips I mentioned in the video: http://www.mouser.com/ProductDetail/M... Hop on over to Teespring to support the channel!: https://teespring.com/stores/the-curr... You can send swag here! : The Current Source PO Box 620241 Oviedo, FL 32762-241 Follow more stuff here: @tcurrentsource www.thecurrentsource.com

Trigger a Migraine with Strobing Glasses

I get migraines quite often. In this video I try triggering my own migraine based on three things: 1. Dehydration, 2. Sleep Deprivation and 3. Flashing Light of a particular frequency. I show you how I made these flashing glasses and I run them at 60Hz, 200Hz and 20kHz to try and see if flickering lights trigger a migraine. Sound like fun?! Uh, nope.

Driving Inductive Loads via RPi or Microcontroller

Sometimes ya gotta drive a something that requires a little more current than the microprocessor can source. I made this silly device to notify me when my long-compiling code completes operation, and also to provide notification when new folks subscribe to my youtube channel. I’ve seen a bunch of tutorials that show how to protect driver transistors from high voltage when inductive loads are used, but sometimes they’re short on details or don’t hook it up to the scope. I built this nutty thing, so maybe it’s a good opportunity to show how all that stuff works.
BTW, this thing is totally not safe! Kids don’t make this at home.

Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT) & Coefficient of Coupling

Howdy folks. I've been playing around with the idea of doing a video on LVDT's for a while now. I finally have the lock-in amplifier repaired, needed to measure the phase shift, so we're go for launch. I take a ball point pen and wind some coils around it (with the microprocessor controlled coil winder, a few vids back), use a ferrite core mounted on the ink shaft and it works like a charm. I also cover how to measure the coefficient of coupling with my crappy LCR meter. Worked out ok. Anyway, I hope you guys learn something or can use and LVDT for one of your projects. If you do, let me know. I'd love to hear about it!!!

Class D Guitar Amplifier (Battery Powered)

What's more fun than combining music & electronics? Not much to say here; I made a custom class-d amplifier for guitar. It has built-in distortion similar to the circuit we did for the Bass Ackwards guitar pedal. I also make a custom speaker/enclosure. Came out ok, but I still need to do some tweaking. What a fun project!
Should I make a kit out of it?

Using an I/O Expander IC

I've been working on a project which has been eating up all of my time and I thought I'd share part of it with you. In this video I'll show you how I connected an IO expander to a bluetooth module and use I2C to communicate with it. There's a lot of footage that didn't make the cut, mostly me banging my head on the desk trying to get I2C to work. There was some pretty delicate work soldering magnet wire to the IO expander chip, but unfortunately I don't have a good microscope solution and that footage didn't make it either. We'll have to fix that.

Microcontroller Based Coil Winder

So I need to wind some coils for an upcoming video and they need to be fairly closely matched in impedance and number of turns. In order to do that I rigged up this microcontroller based coil winder. I go through the overall theory of operation, a close look at the hardware and firmware involved. At the end you can watch the rotting fruits of our labor.